The odds of being diagnosed with common mental health disorders are greater for people living in polluted areas, even when factors like socioeconomic deprivation have been accounted for, a new report has cited.
Looking at more than 35,000 studies written over the past 10 years, the report from Imperial College London draws on this and other studies to show the mounting evidence for the ill health impacts of air pollution.
Although the impacts on life expectancy have been known for decades, say the authors, newer evidence points to problems not considered in previous health impact assessments.
The most important new finding includes evidence related to air pollution's impacts on brain health, including mental health and dementia, it adds.
“While headline figures on the health impact of air pollution focus on the equivalent number of premature deaths, the wider impacts are hiding in plain sight in the contribution of air pollution to the burden of chronic diseases,” says the report.
“These affect our quality of life and have a large cost to society through additional health and social care costs, as well our ability to learn, work and contribute to society.”
Nearly 60,000 studies on the health impacts of air pollution are available, with over half of these being published in the last ten years.
The new evidence highlighted on mental health links to air pollution co-incides with the announcement of this year’s Clean Air Day theme which is ‘Clean up our air to look after your mind’.
On 15 June, it will be the seventh year since the campaign has run and seven years since the seminal Royal College of Physicians (RCP) report Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution was published.
In that time, researchers are beginning to understand how air pollution can affect the brain and the mind, including its links to depression, anxiety and dementia, says the group behind the awareness day, Global Action Plan.
Larissa Lockwood, Director of Clean Air at Global Action Plan, said: “This year’s theme draws attention to the growing evidence base that shows air pollution can impact our mind and brain health. By taking clean air action on 15 June and every day, we are improving our air quality and reducing our risk of developing mental health and brain conditions.”
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